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Sunday, May 19, 2024, 3:43 am

Sunday, May 19, 2024, 3:43 am

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Humza Yousaf, Scotland’s first minister, resignation:

Humza Yousaf, Scotland's first minister, resignation:
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John Swinney, the leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP), was sworn in as First Minister of Scotland after Humza Yousaf resigned from both the post and the SNP leadership in April. Mr. Yousaf broke the SNP’s Bute House power-sharing deal with the Scottish Greens over the party’s decision to abandon climate commitments.

SNP’s troubles?
Since 2021, the SNP has faced financial complaints that have caused upheaval.
In July 2021, the police initiated Operation Branchform to investigate accusations. Former First Minister Nicola Sturgeon resigned in February 2023. She was detained and released without charges in June 2023 due to a police investigation into the SNP’s finances. Peter Murell, Ms. Sturgeon’s spouse and former SNP chief executive, was arrested in April 2024 and accused with embezzling party funds.

Power sharing agreement?
The Scottish First Minister’s official house is known as Bute House.
The Scottish Government and the Scottish Green Party Parliamentary Group signed the Bute House power-sharing deal, also known as the Cooperation deal, in August 2021. The agreement sought to “provide effective and responsible leadership for Scotland for this session of the Scottish Parliament.”
The accord included measures to solve climate crises.

What about Mr. Yousaf’s resignation?
Scotland’s Net Zero Minister, Màiri McAllan, said in Parliament on April 18 that the government has withdrawn its immediate climate action commitments. Ms. McAllan stated that the Scottish government’s interim 2030 objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 75% compared to 1990 levels was unattainable. “We must now act to chart a course to 2045 at a pace and scale which was feasible, fair and just,” she said.

According to the 2023 Climate Change Committee (CCC) report, the Scottish government is not meeting its ambitious climate goals. The CCC advises the UK and devolved governments on carbon targets and adaptation. According to a March 20, 2024 report, Scotland missed its yearly legal emissions target for 2021, making it the seventh time in the last 12 years. Ms. McAllan stated in her statement to the Scottish Parliament that the government will speed legislation to address the CCC’s concerns. The Bill will maintain the legal commitment set for 2045 and provide annual progress reports. Ms. McAllan reiterated Scotland’s commitment to achieving net zero emissions by 2045.

On April 18, Scotland’s National Health Service delayed administering puberty blockers to youngsters referred by its gender clinic. This prompted the LGBTQ branch of the Scottish Greens to create a petition, raising concerns over the party’s partnership with the SNP.
The SNP’s decision to abandon the 2030 climate target resulted in the termination of their power-sharing agreement in Bute House on April 25. The Scottish Greens party criticised the Scottish National Party (SNP) for selling out future generations to accommodate conservative elements, citing political cowardice.

Following the deal, the Scottish National Party (SNP) became a minority government that required backing from other members of the Scottish Parliament. On May 1, the SNP government survived a no-confidence vote, and Mr. Swinney was elected as First Minister with the backing of the majority in the Scottish Parliament.

Road ahead for the Scottish Greens?
Following the decision to select Mr. Swinney, Greens leader Ms. Slater stated that her party’s support for the SNP First Minister is conditional on policies addressing the climate problem. “I am proud of the Scottish Greens’ achievements during our time in government…””We will continue to advocate for a fairer, greener, and more equal Scotland resulting from our achievements and policies,” she stated.




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